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Mole Lab
Purpose: The purpose of this experiment is to discover the identity of the element at each lab station by finding the molar mass of the sample.  Although each station represents one mole of material and thus holds the same number of atoms, the molar mass of each sample is different.  Determine the molar mass and identify the element at each of the 12 lab station.
 
Procedure:
 
  1. Go to a station. This is a rotational lab, and you will move to the next station in approximately 4 minutes. Begin by recording the mass of the empty container. The container mass has been predetermined and is written on an index card taped to the lab bench. Record this value.

  2. Next, using the triple beam balance, find the total mass of the mole and its container. Record this mass to the nearest 0.05g. WHEN FINISHED, SLIDE THE RIDERS ON THE BALANCE TO ZERO.

  3. Calculate the mass of the mole by subtracting the mass of the container from the total mass.

  4. Using a periodic table, determine the identity of the element.

  5. Jot down a brief physical description of the element.

  6. When time is called, advance to the next station. Repeat until all 12 stations have been visited.

 
Data
Station
Total Mass
(g)
Mass of Container (g)
Molar Mass
(g/mol)
Physical Description
 
1
 
 
 
 
 
 
2
 
 
 
 
 
 
3
 
 
 
 
 
 
4
 
 
 
 
 
 
5
 
 
 
 
 
 
6
 
 
 
 
 
 
7
 
 
 
 
 
 
8
 
 
 
 
 
 
9
 
 
 
 
 
 
10
 
 
 
 
 
 
11
 
 
 
 
 
 
12
 
 
 
 
 
                           
Data Analysis:
 
Good lab reports show exactly how a calculation was done. Only one sample of a particular type of calculation needs to be included in the report.
 
For this lab, show how the molar mass was determined for station #1. Begin by writing down the formula for the calculation; this is always done, even for simple calculations. Next, substitute data into the formula and compute the answer.
 
Pay attention to significant figures. Include units on each number that you write down.
 
Conclusions:
 
  1. State your results.

  2. Explain whether the hypothesis was valid.

  3. Think of valid sources of error and explain how the error would affect the outcome.

  4. What could be done to the procedure to make the results of this experiment better?
 
 
Questions:
 
  1. Which of the elements were metals? Nonmetals? Metalloids? How do the physical properties of metals differ from the nonmetals?

  2. How many atoms are in one mole? Did each station represent the same number of atoms? Does each station have the same mass? Define molar mass.

  3. At the station with silver, there was only one tenth of a mole. How many atoms does this represent? How many atoms would be in one half of a mole of silver, and what would be its mass?



E Saylor

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